Australian housing market bubble: myth or reality?

It’s 18 months now since property markets, particularly in Sydney and Melbourne, saw the beginning of a softening in median prices.

Or, what some pundits will have you believe, was a bursting of Australia’s housing bubble. The popping of a balloon that had been filled far too much for too long, sending prices tumbling.

Those people are the same ones who, for a few months leading up to the start of the decline in late 2017, predicted a collapse of real estate prices.

What really happened? Was that a bubble and, if so, how loud was the pop? Let’s have a look.

What’s happening at the moment?

The latest median house price data for Australia’s two biggest property markets shows that the rate of decline has not just slowed but seems to have stopped.

In Sydney and Melbourne, CoreLogic reports prices ticked upwards in June – modestly, by 0.1 and 0.2 per cent respectively, but, still, up is up.

Median House Price

It seems like the storm is passing and a recovery could be on the horizon, which is good news for investors.

We also know that rents in Melbourne have just risen for the first time in four years, owing to a smaller number of buyers recently and a drop-off in construction activity.

Economists are forecasting similar movements in rental values in Sydney.

The first week of July saw the auction clearance rate for the capital cities combined hit above 60 per cent, which is a good result.

Currently, the median price for all dwellings – houses and units – in Sydney is $777,693, while in Melbourne it’s $619,383.

So, was that a bubble?

Well, the problem with bubbles is that no one can quite agree on what a bubble constitutes.

Bubble

Economists and pundits do agree that it’s when a market inflates in value relative to some other measure… but what? Historical prices? If so, from when? A year ago? Five years ago? A decade ago?

And, then, there are a whole bunch of people in finance and property circles who don’t believe bubbles exist.

They believe instead that markets go up and, when the rate of increase is too much, they correct, settle and then begin a cycle of growth again. I’m inclined to subscribe to that school of thought.

And here’s why. This chart plots the national median house and unit price over a 20-year period from early 1993 to early 2018.

A1

You can see there are peaks and throughs where prices rose and then experienced dips.

You can see the drop in 2008 during the Global Financial Crisis. You can see the recovery from that, before another correction at the start of this decade.

What this chart doesn’t show is the bulk of the softening of prices seen since late 2017, which really kicked off last year. But if it did, you would see a drop that’s a bit smaller than that valley in 2008.

But really, if you trace your finger over those two lines, it would move upwards steadily. That doesn’t really look like a bursting bubble to me.

All losses aren’t created equal

Another thing to note from talk about bubbles bursting is that market declines are not always universal. It’s the same for market growth. Just because prices are going up or down on a median measure across an entire capital city, it doesn’t mean every suburb is equal.

refinance your property portfolio

If you look at the suburbs in Sydney and Melbourne that have seen properties sell at a loss – that is, for less than they were last sold for – then you begin to see a picture emerge.

In Sydney, the suburbs that saw the highest percentage of losses in value between sales during the March quarter were Strathfield, Parramatta and Ryde, which experienced big increases from speculative buying and overheated auction markets, and Lane Cove and Canterbury-Bankstown, which experienced a big influx of supply of new dwellings in the lead-up to the correction.

In Melbourne, those biggest loss-making suburbs were the CBD, a unit oversupply hotspot and Stonnington, the north-western part of which was hit by oversupply issues and the north-eastern part of which experienced prestige demand drops.

So… supply and demand. The basic economic drivers of property prices. Again, that sounds like a standard market correction to me.

Ignore the hype, do your research

Markets go up and markets sometimes go down. If you look at that graph plotting 20 years’ worth of activity, you’ll see they don’t explode, pop, crash or collapse.

Property investors who buy well, based on solid research and good growth fundamentals and hold for the long-term are likely to not only weather the storms that do occur from time-to-time, but prosper during the sunny times.

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The information provided in this article is general in nature and does not constitute personal financial advice. The information has been prepared without taking into account your personal objectives, financial situation or needs. Before acting on any information you should consider the appropriateness of the information with regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs.

Andrew Mirams

Andrew Mirams

Andrew Mirams is the Managing Director of Intuitive Finance and is a highly qualified mortgage advisor who holds dual diplomas in Financial Planning (Financial Services) and Banking and Finance (Mortgage Broking). Andrew’s expertise covers all aspects of lending for a diverse range of applications – from first home buyer loans or property upgrader loans, property investor loans, expatriates and loans for self-employed. With almost 30 years of experience, Andrew has been acknowledged by the mortgage industry as one of its best performers with multiple awards including regularly featuring in both the top 100 mortgage brokers list and Top 50 Elite business writers. Andrew was voted Victoria's favourite Mortgage Broker at the 2015 Investors Choice Awards, and won again for the same category at the 2017 Better Business Awards. The team at Intuitive Finance has also figured prominently by winning the 2016 "Best Independent Office (<5 brokers)" and "Best customer Service" Awards, and more recently at the 2017 MFAA National Awards, they also took out the "Best Customer Service" Award, a recognition which speaks for itself! Visit Intuitive Finance for more information.
Andrew Mirams

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